Fresh clashes between separatists, government in Yemen’s south

Fresh clashes between separatists, government in Yemen’s south

Members of southern separatist forces are seen together with their supporters as they march during a rally in Aden [File: Fawaz Salman/Reuters]
Members of southern separatist forces are seen together with their supporters as they march during a rally in Aden [File: Fawaz Salman/Reuters]

Fresh clashes have erupted between UAE-backed separatists and forces loyal to Yemen’s internationally recognised government at military camps in southern Abyan province, with reports of multiple deaths and injuries.

The two sides are nominal allies in a Saudi-UAE-led military coalition battling the Houthi rebels movement after the latter took over the capital, Sanaa, and most major cities in 2014.

But the separatists from the so-called Security Belt militia broke with the government this month and seized its temporary base of Aden, which has functioned as the seat of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi’s administration.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is Saudi Arabia‘s main partner in the military coalition against the Houthis, but it has trained and equipped the separatists.

Analysts say the break between the separatists and the internationally recognised government reflects a wider rift between Abu Dhabi and Riyadh and complicates United Nations peace efforts in war-ravaged Yemen.

After a long battle, the Security Belt on Tuesday overran a military camp belonging to the government’s special forces in Zinjibar,about 60km east of Aden in Abyan province, and deployed across much of the city, unidentified officials and residents told The Associated Press news agency. The clashes killed at least three civilians and wounded nine, AP reported.

Separately, Abyan Governor Abu Bakr Hussein told AFP news agency that the separatists had also seizeda nearby military camp at Al-Kawd, forcing out the 350 troops there.

At least four military personnel – two separatists and two government troops – were killed and 23 wounded in the fighting, Hussein said, adding that 1,100 troops had been stationed in Zinjibar.

‘Unjustified escalation’

The military coalition battling the Houthis sent a delegation to Aden on Thursday to discuss the new front in the war.

Yemen’s Deputy Foreign Minister Mohammad al-Hadhrami said the latest flare-up in Abyan would undermine peace talks.

“What Abyan governorate is witnessing is an unjustified escalation by the STC,” the Yemeni foreign ministry quoted him as saying.

“It is something that is rejected and unacceptable and will undermine mediation efforts by Saudi Arabia.”

He also called for an “immediately and complete halt of the military and financial support” by the UAE to the separatists.

Haitham, the STC spokesman, said the council was open to dialogue but ruled out any withdrawal from the military posts in Aden.

“There will be no dialogue if we were to hand over all the positions … what will there be left to negotiate,” he said in remarks published by the pan-Arab daily Asharq al-Awsat on Tuesday.

In a statement to the United Nations Security Council before a Yemen briefing on Tuesday in New York, the STC said they were holding firm to demands for self-rule in the south and to be included in any UN-sponsored talks on Yemen’s future.

“For too long the Southern voice has been excluded from any negotiation table,” the STC said.

“The onus is now on the international community, and in particular the UN Security Council to accept the new realities on the ground.”

South Yemen was a separate state until it merged with the north in 1990. Four years later, an armed secession bid failed to reverse the reunification.

The UN’s Yemen envoy Martin Griffiths said he held a “positive and engaging” meeting with Saudi’s deputy defence minister, Prince Khaled bin Salman, on Monday to discuss the crisis.

“Tireless role under Khaled bin Salman’s leadership to restore order and stability in south Yemen,” he tweeted on Tuesday. “We agreed on the need for continuous dialogue.”

Yemen’s long-running war has triggered what the UN describes as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with 24.1 million – more than two-thirds of the population – in need of aid. Tens of thousands of people have been killed and millions forced from their homes.

Inside Story

Could Yemen as a country fall apart?

SOURCE: Al Jazeera and news agencies

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